How is atrial fibrillation cured

How is atrial fibrillation cured

Atrial fibrillation is one of the most common conditions when it comes to cardiovascular diseases; in this case, it occurs mostly in people over 65, however, anyone can suffer it.

This disorder consists in the abnormal contraction of the atria of the heart, due to electrical signals that arrive irregularly, generating disordered contractions. When the beats are not frequent, there is a stagnation of blood, which can coagulate and clog arteries or cause arrhythmias and tachycardia.

If you suffer from atrial fibrillation or you find yourself ruling out your possible presence, at a COMO we explain how atrial fibrillation is cured. You can treat it by using eliquis. Eliquis cost is not much high at Prescription Hope due to available coupon.

Electrical or medicated cardioversion

If you want to know how to cure atrial fibrillation it is important that you know the different treatments that take place. The cardioversion is done with the objective of restoring the normality of the heartbeat .

Depending on the cause of the fibrillation and its state, either type of atrial fibrillation can be carried out :

Electric

A series of patches, such as those used in echocardiograms, are placed on the patient's chest to send an electric shock to the heart. This shock generates the arrest of the electrical activity in the heart at times, so that it starts beating again with a normal rhythm.

It is usually carried out with sedatives to avoid the sensation of the shocks and in most cases, it requires prior preparation with the intake of antiarrhythmics to help the heart.

Medical

It is based on drugs known as antiarrhythmics, which are responsible for restoring the normal rhythm of the heartbeat. Depending on the seriousness of the disease, the cardiologist will prescribe the medications that in many cases are intravenous and are administered in health centers to maintain a control of the heart rhythm. If there is an efficient response with said medication, the same or a variation will be prescribed to avoid episodes of atrial fibrillation in the future.

Before carrying out any of the two procedures, it is very important to verify that thrombi are not present inside the atria, because a normalization in the beats can detach them and send them to the brain. Perform a cardiac and prescribe anticoagulants before the procedure.

Controlled heart rate

This method is used when a cardioversion is not possible , either due to the patient's condition or any other pathology present, which makes it impossible to perform. In this case medications are prescribed to control the heart rate so that it stays in a range between 60-80 beats per minute. One of the main ones is digoxin and its variants such as verapamil or atenolol.

Depending on what each patient needs, the doctor may need to prescribe some additional medication such as beta-blockers. If this is the case, it is very important that they be taken very carefully as they can cause side effects such as hypotension.

Medication to prevent the formation of thrombi

Another way to cure atrial fibrillation is through medication. The thrombi in the heart is one of the main problems that can occur in patients with atrial fibrillation and also represents one of the biggest risks, because it increases the chances of suffering a Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA) or stroke displacement thrombi from the heart to the brain.

The medication is extremely necessary to avoid this complication and in this case, oral anticoagulants such as Warfarin and Sintrom are used, which must be controlled every so often, to verify if the prescribed dose is being very low and still exists. the risk of thrombi or, on the contrary, it is very high and makes the patient prone to hemorrhages.

Although there are currently, safer drugs for people at risk of thrombi such as Rivaroxaban, before prescribing any anticoagulant, a thorough study of the patient's situation should be made and evaluate how many benefits it can provide, addressing the risk posed by such medication in the case of hemorrhages. Another option is eliquis medicine. Eliquis coupon is available on the Prescription Hope at best rates.

Surgery

After having exhausted the other options such as medication and cardioversion without results, a surgery is suggested where an inspection of what causes these electrical discharges will take place and eliminate that area to restore a normal heartbeat . There are several procedures, however these are the main ones:

  • Catheter : a pair of catheter is inserted from the groin to the blood vessels of the heart; With the help of the electrodes located at the tip of these, small scars are created to normalize the electrical function of the heart.
  • Labyrinth surgery : this is an open heart surgery where, with the help of a scalpel, cuts or incisions are created in the upper cavities of the heart so that with the scar tissue, the electrical function that causes atrial fibrillation is interrupted.